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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 石之瑜,2005,〈消失的中間選民:2004年總統大選對空間理論的修正〉,《問題與研究》,44(4),1-24。
  2. 吳俊德、陳永福,2005,〈投票與不投票的抉擇-2004年總統大選與公民投票的探索性研究〉,《臺灣民主季刊》,2(4),98。
  3. 吳重禮、許文賓,2003,〈誰是政黨認同者與獨立選民?-以二○○一年台灣地區選民政黨認同的決定因素為例〉,《政治科學論叢》,(18),101-140。
  4. 張佑宗,2006,〈選舉事件與選民的投票抉擇:以台灣2004年總統選舉為分析對象〉,《東吳政治學報》,(22),121-160。
  5. 張佑宗、趙珮如,2006,〈社會脈絡、個人網絡與臺灣2004年立法委員選舉選民的投票抉擇〉,《臺灣民主季刊》,3(2),1-38。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊百岳(2012)。天氣對投票的影響-總體與個體的分析。政治大學政治研究所學位論文。2012。1-95。
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