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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 143 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bernadette A. Minton & Catherine Schrand, The Impact of Cash Flow Volatility on Discretionary Investment and the Costs of Debt and Equity Financing, 54 The Journal of Financial Economics 423 (1999).
  2. Carolina Braunschweig & Dan Primack, Data Bank, 43 Venture Capital Journal 57 (April 2003).
  3. Cumming, Douglas J. & Johan, Sofia A., Is it the Law or the Lawyers? Investment Covenants Around the World, 12 European Financial Management 535 (2006).
  4. C. Weir, D. Laing & M. Wright, Undervaluation, private information, agency costs and the decision to go private, 15 Applied Financial Economics 947 (2005).
  5. The Economist:
Times Cited (11) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余欣璇(2009)。中國大陸管理層收購法制之研究。交通大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2009。1-171。 
  2. 謝育錚(2017)。私有化交易之法制建構。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-227。 
  3. 楊亞翰(2017)。外國私募股權基金投資我國企業之研究 —以外資審查為中心。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-115。 
  4. 黃于軒(2013)。論私募股權基金之金融監理-以投資策略可能引發之風險為探討中心。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2013。1-189。 
  5. 簡霆霆(2009)。管理階層收購之利益衝突防免─兼論「尋購條款(Go-Shops)」之運用。臺北大學法律學系學位論文。2009。1-181。
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