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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃浩榮(2005),《公共新聞學─審議民主的觀點》,臺北:巨流。
  2. 蔡茂寅(等著)(2001),《行政程序法實用》,臺北:學林。
  3. 李佳達(2009),《我國環境影響評估審查制度之實證分析》,國立臺灣交通大學科技法律研究所碩士論文。
  4. 吳秋瑩(2007),《審議民主在地方公共事務決策之實踐─以「臺北市應否訂定汽機車總量管制計畫公民共識會議」為例》,國立臺灣大學政治學研究所碩士論文。
  5. 張文貞(2012),〈演進中的法:一般性意見作為國際人權公約的權威解釋〉,《臺灣人權學刊》,第一卷第二期,臺北:東吳大學張佛泉人權研究中心。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 魏禹苓(2018)。論我國都市更新之正當法律程序─以審議民主為中心。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2018。1-158。 
  2. 陳姿穎(2017)。適時且正當的聽證程序─以重大建設開發流程為中心。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-154。 
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