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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱光府,2011。「農業金庫願景,加速成立國外部」,『台灣銀行家』。第24期,66。
  2. 行政院農業委員會,2010。『農業統計年報』。台北:行政院農業委員會。
  3. 李佩育,2010。「乳品廠與其上下游業者間垂直協調關係之研究」,碩士論文,國立台灣大學農業經濟系。
  4. 李桐豪、梁連文,2009。「由台灣上層農業金融機構看農業金庫之發展與挑戰-兼論對中國農業金融發展之建議」。『台灣金融財務季刊』。10輯1期,141-175。
  5. 周百隆、吳榮杰、陳葦峻,2006。「以樣條函數重新檢視農會信用部經營與合併效益」,『農業與經濟』。37期,63-98。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 于子逸(2013)。國營事業的組織與協調分析–以台糖公司為例。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2013。1-96。 
  2. 魏佑霖(2013)。以組織經濟學角度研究農產品電子商務營運模式。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2013。1-90。 
  3. 鄭毓穎(2013)。台灣有機蔬菜銷售通路組織之研究。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2013。1-108。
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