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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 134 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 金鼎(2014),《公司章程之效力與界限:以英美法制為借鏡》,初版,台北:元照。
  2. 9. 蕭新煌、官有垣、陸宛蘋(主編) (2009), 《非營利部門:組織與運作》,二版,台北:巨流。
  3. 3. 何曜琛(1999)。<美國有限責任公司法概述>,法令月刊,第50卷第6期,頁6-15。
  4. 5. 吳德華(2014)。<美國非營利組織課稅制度之探討─以內地稅法§501(c)(3)組織為例>,高大法學論叢,第9卷第2期,頁177-238。
  5. 6. 周振鋒(2013)。<公司捐贈與相關代理成本問題之研究>,台大法學論叢,第42卷第2期,頁259-315。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江永楨(2017)。從營利到共益的公司法典範轉移-建構適合社會企業發展之法制。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-336。 
  2. 洪永男(2017)。高齡產業商業模式創新之分類、發展與驗證-服務設計取向。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2017。1-199。
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