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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁興祥、張慈宜、賴誠斌等譯(2002)。《生命史與心理傳記學─理論與方法的探究》。台北:遠流。(原書Runyan,W.M.(1982). Life histories and psychobiography: explorations in theory and method. New York: Oxford University Press.)
  2. Reading, Analysis, and Interpretation. California : Sage Publications.)
  3. 呂美慧(1998)。〈從攻城到圍城:一位邊緣教師之生命史敘說研究〉,《花蓮教育大學學報》,26:77-99。
  4. 林富美(2006)。〈當新聞記者成為名嘴:名聲、專業與勞動商品化的探討〉,《新聞學研究》,88:43-81。
  5. (原書Handy,Charles B.[1996].Beyond certainty : the changing worlds of organizations. Boston : Harvard Business Press.)
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱彥瑜(2017)。在臉書做記者:記者的社群媒體使用行為、角色認知與對組織規範的態度。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2017。1-212。 
  2. 廖昱涵(2017)。當我成為媒體老闆:臺灣新創媒體萌發。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2017。1-118。 
  3. 洪琇茜(2015)。我就是品牌! 獨立記者的個人品牌塑造。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2015。1-246。 
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