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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 148 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李孟芬(2005)。專業團體協助農會經營長期照護服務工作經驗分享。94年度農業推廣人力訓練計畫,農會經營長期照顧工作訓練研討會。台灣省農會、行政院農委會、中華民國長期照護專業協會,103-111。
  2. 林如萍(2001)。農漁村高齡者生活輔導之策略:一個『獨居老人高齡班』的個案分析。農業推廣文彙,46:77-85。農業推廣學會編印。
  3. 林麗嬋(2005)。長期照護概論。94年度農業推廣人力訓練計畫,農會經營長期照顧工作訓練研討會。台灣省農會、行政院農委會、中華民國長期照護專業協會,17-31。
  4. 周麗華(2005)。社區式長期照護服務工作。94年度農業推廣人力訓練計畫-農會經營長期照顧工作訓練研討會。台灣省農會、行政院農委會、中華民國長期照護專業協會,131-158。
  5. 馬慧君(1997)。志願服務工作者參與類型之初探-以埔里鎮五個團體志工為例。國立暨南國際大學社會政策與社會工作研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃慶新(2015)。農村再生社區評鑑指標之建構。虎尾科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-102。 
  2. 林玲(2009)。台灣國家公園志工制度之研究。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2009。1-251。 
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