Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 111 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱柏松,消費者保護法論,1998年。
  2. 行政院消費者保護委員會編印,消費者保護法判決函釋彙編(一),1998年12月。
  3. 行政院消費者保護委員會編,消費者保護法判決函釋彙編(二),2000年10月。
  4. 行政院消費者保護委員會編印,消費者保護法判決函釋彙編(三),2001年12月。
  5. 邱聰智,商品責任、消費者保護法專案研究實錄,行政院消費者保護委員會編印,1997年。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊博堯(2014)。我國專利法懲罰性損害賠償制度之現況—以主觀要件為中心。交通大學科技法律研究所學位論文。2014。1-75。 
  2. 鍾典晏(2017)。憲法對懲罰性賠償金倍數的立法限制—以現行法律規定為例。臺灣大學工業工程學研究所學位論文。2017。1-55。 
  3. 林家如(2014)。我國懲罰性賠償金制度之再反省──以消費者保護法第51條為中心。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2014。1-248。 
  4. 吳宛亭(2013)。企業經營者召回義務之研究。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2013。1-172。 
  5. 鄭巧筠(2009)。論侵害專利權之懲罰性賠償。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2009。1-202。 
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :