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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 163 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 內政部,2004,〈九十二年外籍與大陸配偶生活狀況調查〉,內政部戶政司全球資訊網人口資料庫人口調查報告。
  2. 中央研究院,2008,〈2008年第一波社會意向調查〉,中央研究院調查研究專題中心所作臺灣社會意向調查。
  3. 王嵩音,1998,《臺灣原住民與新聞媒介》,臺北:時英。
  4. 王俐容,2006,〈文化公民權的建構:文化政策的發展與公民權的落實〉,《公共行政學報》,20:129-159。
  5. 江宜樺,1998,《自由主義、民族主義與國家認同》,臺北:揚智。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳涵文(2017)。從多元文化觀點檢視國際族群衝突報導:以佛格森事件為例。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2017。1-70。 
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