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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 126 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王俐容 (2006),全球化下的都市文化政策與發展:以高雄市海洋城市的建構為例,國家與社會,1: 125-166。
  2. 田孝倫 (2002) 發展台灣申辦國際綜合運動賽會城市之參考條件研究,國立台灣師範大學體育學系碩士論文。
  3. 吳英明 (1996) 公私部門協力關係和公民參與之探討,行政管理論文選輯,第10輯。
  4. 呂振瑋 (2008) 贊助商與賽事一致性在賽事認同對贊助效益影響之調節效果,國 立中央大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 李永展 (1995) 百年來高雄市都市發展之變遷及未來展望,都市與計畫,22(1): 123-137。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃若慈(2014)。惡水之爭-大高雄的自來水水質爭議與都市供水治理。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2014。1-136。 
  2. 簡欣穎(2012)。臺灣優秀運動選手生命歷程轉換與生涯發展關係之探討。臺灣師範大學體育學系學位論文。2012。1-153。
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