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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 檔案管理局《台灣省警備總司令部周年工作報告書》
  2. 沈德汶,〈日治時期台灣浮浪者取締制度研究〉政治大學台灣史研究所碩士論文,2007
  3. 陳耀煌,〈地方菁英與中共農民運動關係之研究—以湘鄂西蘇區早期發展為例(1925-1930)〉,《政大史粹》第二期,2000
  4. Foucault ,Michel著,劉北成、楊遠嬰 譯,《規訓與懲罰》(台北:桂冠出版社),2003
  5. Osterhammel , Jurgen著,朱章才譯《中國革命:一九二五年五月三十日上海》(台
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王昱培(2015)。罪與罰:臺灣刑罰規範變遷的社會學初探。清華大學社會學研究所學位論文。2015。1-213。 
  2. 吳家豪(2017)。我國監所作業之研究。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-268。 
  3. 林瑋婷(2011)。台灣戰後流氓控制(1945-2009)—一個社會學的考察。臺灣大學社會學研究所學位論文。2011。1-174。 
  4. 陳治慶(2014)。遊民的社會排除與被害之研究──以臺北市為例。中正大學犯罪防治學系學位論文。2014。1-190。
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