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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 176 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江瑞祥,2006,〈審議民主與民主審議〉,《台灣民主季刊》,3(3);213-220
  2. 吳秋瑩,2007,《審議民主在地方公共事務決策之實踐 : 以「臺北市應否訂定汽機車總量管制計畫公民共識會議」為例》,台北:台灣大學政治研究所碩士論文
  3. 杜文苓,2007,〈審議民主與社會運動:民間團體籌辦新竹科學園區宜蘭基地公民會議的啟發〉,《公共行政學報》,23:67-93
  4. 杜文苓、陳致中,2007,〈民眾參與公共決策的反思—以竹科宜蘭基地設置為例〉,《台灣民主季刊》,4(3):33-62
  5. 杜文苓、彭渰雯,2008,〈社運團體的體制內參與及影響--以環評會與婦權會為例〉,《台灣民主季刊》,5(1):119-148
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔣喬玫(2013)。新北市政府導入公民參與預算過程可行性研究。淡江大學公共行政學系公共政策碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-113。 
  2. 李維安(2018)。影響國軍土地活化因素之探討。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2018。1-133。 
  3. 李麗莉(2014)。二代健保合法化過程之研究-以補充保險費為焦點。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2014。1-187。 
  4. 劉立方(2013)。我國成人性交易管理政策形成過程之研究—以政策網絡觀點分析。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2013。1-180。 
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