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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 259 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 〈勞基法中的核心問題—退休金給付與工資決定〉,經濟前瞻第1卷第1期,1986年1月。
    2. 〈到國家主義之路:路徑依賴與全民健保組織體制的形成〉,台灣社會學第5期,2003年。
    3. 〈論信賴保護原則之適用—司法院大法官釋字第五二五號解釋評析〉,台灣本土法學第27期,2001年10月。
    4. 〈我國勞工保險給付年金化之研究〉,國立台灣大學法學論叢第26卷第4期,1997年7月。
    5. 〈台灣社會保險制度的社會控制本質〉,台灣社會研究季刊第15期,1993年。
    Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
    1. 劉湘榆(2015)。國民年金與相關社會保險年金化之研究。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2015。1-174。 
    2. 胡竣凱(2015)。長期照顧財政制度之研究—以日本長期照護保險施行之經驗為借鏡。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2015。1-227。 
    3. 余宗儒(2012)。國民年金保險的漏網之魚-外籍與大陸配偶參與國民年金保險權利之探討。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2012。1-334。 
    4. 賴俊帆(2010)。臺灣年金系統的比較研究:福利階層化的觀點。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2010。1-125。 
    5. 姚豌甄(2010)。國民年金保險參與率之研究。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2010。1-237。
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