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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 135 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王鳳生、蔡豐隆(2003),企業倫理氣候、倫理行為與企業社會績效,亞太經濟管理評論,6(2):103-119。
  2. 李育帆(2011),企業綠色管理模式與績效探討,臺北大學自然資訊與環境管理碩士論文:1-110。
  3. 杜富燕(1995),企業環保策略的決策模式之研究─以我國鋼鐵業與水泥業為例,國科會專題研究計畫成果報告。
  4. 祝道松、盧正宗、洪晨桓、楊秀萍(2008),環境績效對環境揭露與經濟績效的影響,當代會計,9(2):237-270。
  5. 高明瑞、劉常勇、黃義俊、張乃仁(2010),企業綠色管理、環境績效與競爭優勢關聯性之研究,管理期刊,17(2):255- 278。
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