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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 203 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文誠(2006)全球化趨勢下的都會治理:高雄的挑戰,環境與世界,13,35-56。
  2. 王振寰、蘇耀昌(2002)發展型國家興衰的不同途徑:臺北與香港比較。發表於2002年臺灣社會學年會。
  3. 王嘉麟(2003)府際關係與地方政府治理能力之探討-以中央委辦高雄紅毛港遷村案為例。國立成功大學政治經濟學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 朱雲漢(2004)臺灣民主發展的困境與挑戰,臺灣民主季刊,1(1),143-162。
  5. 李永展(2003)全球化與時空重構,建築與規劃學報,4(1),55-71。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 詹竣傑(2012)。探索空間正義─以台北大巨蛋興建爭議為例。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2012。1-108。 
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