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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 于富雲、謝孟達、陳引幹、連雅玲(2007)。教育網站評鑑;學習輔助性與功能完備性之差異研究。教育資料與圖書館學,44(4),393-412。
  2. 吳美美(2004)。數位學習現況與未來發展。圖書館學與資訊科學,30(2),92-106。
  3. 潘慧玲(2005)。教育評鑑的回顧與展望。台北:心理出版社。
  4. 蘇錦麗(審定)(2005)。D. L. Stufflebeam, G. F. Madaus & T. Kellaghan著。評鑑模式:教育及人力服務的評鑑觀點。台北:高等教育出版社。
  5. Amoroso, D. L. and Cheney, P.H. (1991). Testing a Causal Model of End-User Application Effectiveness. Journal of Management Information Systems, 8(1), 63-89.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭寰(2013)。某華語教學補習班「師資進階培訓計畫」方案評鑑之研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-102。 
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