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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 大學法(2007)。
  2. 江宜樺(2005)。從博雅到通識:大學教育理念的發展與現況。政治與社會哲學評論,14,37-64。
  3. 江淑瑩(2007)。大學生服務性社團參與、人際關係及人生目標之相關研究。國立台北教育大學國民教育系碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  4. 吳天方、郭義汶(1999)。大學課外活動的輔導與實施。訓育研究,38(3),83-88。
  5. 呂木琳(2008)。當前大學教育的幾點思考。載於彭森明(主編),高等教育質的提昇:反思與前瞻(頁7-26)。台北:國立台灣師範大學教育評鑑與發展研究中心。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳少庭(2013)。同步與非同步遠距教學設計滿意度對遠距學習成效影響之研究-以淡江大學為例。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-173。 
  2. 蔡志賢(2012)。高等教育課外學習核心能力及其評量指標建構研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2012。1-416。
  3. 王秀敏(2012)。台灣北區私立技職大學學生人格特質、社團參與與人際關係之相關研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-189。
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