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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [4] 洪文進、許登貴、萬明安、郭書瑋、蘇昭瑾,ITO 透明導電薄膜:從發展與應用到製備與分析,台北科技大學有機高分子研究所,2005。
  2. [5] I. Hamberg and C.G. Granqvist, “Evaporated Sn-doped In2O3 films : Basic optical properties and applications to energy-efficient windows”, J. Appl. Phys., 60, R123 (1986).
  3. [6] J. C. C. Fan and F. J. Bachner, “Properties of Sn-Doped In2O3 Films Prepared by RF Sputtering”, J. Electorchem. Soc., 122 (12) (1975), pp.1719-1724.
  4. [8] 毛植葳,Low temperature preparation of transparent conductive indium-tin oxide thin films by solvothermally synthesized indium-tin oxide nano-slurry,長庚大學化工與材料工程研究所,2011.
  5. [12] 陳彥里、張立偉、黃盟文、施漢章,氧化銦奈米結構的合成及特性分析,中國文化大學數位機電科技研究所、中國文化大學材料科學與奈米科技研究所、國立清華大學材料科學與工程學系、國立中興大學材料科學與工程學系,2010.
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