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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 134 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5.安鴻瑋(2012),人格特質、領導成員交換關係、團隊成員交換關係與組織承諾之研究-以團隊私人關係為干擾變數,國立成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 10.宋曉玫(2011),以科技接受模式探討中高齡者使用網路即時通訊軟體之意圖與行為,國立臺灣師範大學社會教育學系研究所碩士論文。
  3. 15.林品章、張照聆(2009),圖像傳達系統化之理論基礎,台灣科技大學工商業設計系,設計學研究,第12卷第2期,46-65頁。
  4. 16.林進丁(2010),探討符號互動論及其在學校組織文化研究和教育的應用,中華民國行政研究學會學校行政雙月刊。
  5. 20.范芯涔(2009),旅行社從業人員對即時通訊軟體之科技準備度、態度與使用意願之關聯性研究,高雄餐旅學院旅遊管理研究所論文
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱奕品(2015)。分享、媒介豐富度與知覺有用性對於品牌效果之研究-以LINE企業贊助貼圖為例。淡江大學大眾傳播學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-106。 
  2. 陳大為(2015)。探討通訊軟體貼圖購買意圖 影響因素之研究。中正大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2015。1-100。
  3. 葉駿妤(2015)。即時通訊軟體已讀不回行為之研究。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-117。
  4. 郭俊旻(2016)。LINE企業贊助貼圖對使用者下載與廣告溝通之影響。中原大學國際經營與貿易研究所學位論文。2016。1-60。
  5. 陳淑惠(2017)。應用網路社群軟體在國小親師溝通之研究 -以LINE App為例。樹德科技大學資訊工程系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-77。
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