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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 214 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃振德,〈台灣農業支持指標之估算及政策意涵之探討〉,《農業與經濟》,(台北,台大農業經濟學系,2006)。
  2. 楊明憲,陳吉仲,〈WTO農業談判有關市場開放議題對台灣稻米產業衝擊之模擬評估〉,《農業經濟半年刊》,78期,2005年12月,頁3。
  3. Anderson, Kym, Agriculture, Trade Reform, and the Doha Agenda, New York: The World Bank and Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.
  4. Bhalla, A.S., Regional blocs, Bulding Blocks or Stumbling Blocks, New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997.
  5. Calvin, Linda, “The Economics of Food Safety: The Case of Green Onions and Hepatitis A Outbreaks”, Washington D.C.: Outlook Report, No. (VGS30501), USDA, 2004.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林蕙芳(2012)。墨西哥販毒集團之研究。淡江大學拉丁美洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2012。1-132。 
  2. 賴彥雄(2010)。北美自由貿易協定對美國的個人所得以及就業之影響─追蹤資料(Panel Data)分析。淡江大學美洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2010。1-89。 
  3. 呂湘菱(2014)。兩岸服貿協議關於非金融服務部門開放爭議之研究-管制理論的分析。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2014。1-165。 
  4. 徐子涵(2016)。墨西哥石油業發展及當前所面臨的困境與改革策略。淡江大學美洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2016。1-135。
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