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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 115 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林錦郎, 張可立, & 張松山. (2015). 從社會資本觀點探討即時通訊 LINE 知識分享行為. 全球商業經營管理學報, (7), 135-147.
  2. 吳成軒. (2013). 社群網絡使用行為對於知識分享之影響性: 以 Facebook 為例 (Doctoral dissertation, 吳成軒).
  3. 邱雅萍, 郭美資, & 莊文隆. (2006). 組織內知識分享意願影響因素之研究-以高中職導師為例. 企業管理學報, (69), 97-134.
  4. 陳家聲, 方文昌, & 蔡儀華. (2005). 企業員工知識分享效能之質性研究-以知識接收者的觀點. 人力資源管理學報, 5(1), 29-51.
  5. 馬慶玲. (2010). 調節焦點影響廣告效果之研究. 政治大學心理學研究所學位論文, 1-138.
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