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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 宋昭銘(2010)。以結構方程式評估學生節能意識、態度及行為之關連性:以大仁科技大學為例。大仁科技大學環境管理研究所碩士論文,屏東縣。
  2. 李忻儀(2009)。環保化妝品購買意願分析–環保承諾、認知利益、個人規範、以及生活型態之應用。國立中興大學行銷學系碩士論文,台中市。
  3. 洪榮昭、傅惠筠(2012)。大專校院學生節能減碳行為意圖之研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育心理學系教育心理學報,44(2),373-388。
  4. 陳永南(2008)。消費者於有機棉產品的認知、動機對購買意願之影響。國立中央大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班碩士論文,桃園縣。
  5. 曾瑞譙(2009)。電腦輔助教學軟體使用後之效益分析-科技接受模式的觀點與應用。新竹教育大學教育學報,26(2),128-164。
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