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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 151 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方惠生(民89)。社會性攻擊型與非社會性攻擊型學童的社會認知衡鑑結果之差異比較研究。國立高雄師範大學輔導研究所碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。
  2. 邱珍琬(2002b)。國小國中校園欺凌行為比較研究。彰化師大教育學報,3,99-129。
  3. 林舜文(民89)。離婚女性依附風格一致性與穩定性變化歷程之分析研究。國立臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 洪福源、黃德祥(2002)。國中校園欺凌行為與學校氣氛及相關因素之研究。彰化師大教育學報,2,37-84。
  5. 胡藹玲(民90)。女性自覺團體方案對參加者女性主義意識的影響之研究。國立台灣師範大學社會教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳怡萱(2018)。「當心,教室裡無聲的惡魔!」 關係霸凌因應策略之回溯研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2018。1-173。 
  2. 姜延蓉(2017)。少年時期曾受關係霸凌者之因應與復原歷程。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2017。1-172。 
  3. 林采霖(2011)。受傷者的話療─聆聽校園霸凌受害者的生命故事。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2011。1-56。 
  4. 賴思伃(2010)。無聲勝有聲?!──「不理」在青春期友誼中的意涵與歷程。政治大學心理學研究所學位論文。2010。1-108。
  5. 張凱婷(2011)。搖滾樂手玩團經驗與自我認同-以「1976」樂團為例。臺灣師範大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2011。1-118。
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