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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 144 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王瑞琦(2000)。九○年代中國大陸高等教育發展之研析。中國大陸研究,43(4),59-78。
  2. 姜麗娟(2003)。WTO會員國教育服務開放承諾之分析及其對我國未來教育市場開放談判之啟示。中正教育研究,2(1),75-101。
  3. 范利民(2000)。中國大陸教育五十年:一九四九至一九九九。中國大陸研究,43(10),57-72。
  4. 楊景堯(2003)。中國大陸高等教育之研究。台北:高等教育。
  5. 楊雅惠(2001)。2001年兩大金融挑戰—潛在金融風暴與WTO入關。載於麥朝成(主編),2001全球經濟展望:前瞻新世紀、新局面下的台灣(頁75-101)。台北市:財團法人中華經濟研究院。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳孟潔(2010)。臺海兩岸大學入學考試制度比較研究。淡江大學高等教育研究所碩士班學位論文。2010。1-165。 
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