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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王振寰,(1989),〈台灣的政治轉型與反對運動〉。《台灣社會研究季刊》第2卷,第1期,頁71-116。
  2. 李翰林,(2008),〈民間聯盟參與1410億治水預算審查—政治機會結構的觀點〉。《台灣民主》第5卷,第4期,頁87-128。
  3. 李郁璇,(2010)。《農業多功能論下農村永續社區之研究─以苗栗縣後龍鎮灣寶社區為例》。國立臺北大學都市計劃研究所碩士論文。
  4. 何明修,(2003),〈政治民主化與環境運動的制度化(1993-1999)〉。《台灣社會研究》第50期,頁215-275。
  5. 何明修,(2004),〈政治機會結構與社會運動研究〉。《國立政治大學社會學報》第37期,頁33-80。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳雕文(2015)。從政治契機與認同感凝聚的角度看網路社會運動:以重建街守護運動為例。淡江大學大眾傳播學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-157。 
  2. 徐旭(2014)。社區動員如何可能?-以灣寶與大埔反土地徵收抗爭為例的比較研究。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2014。1-134。 
  3. 竺學致(2014)。苗栗縣竹南大埔事件危機管理之研究。中興大學國家政策與公共事務研究所學位論文。2014。1-133。
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