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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 林延叡(2009),「台灣中部地區不同類型PM10事件之出現頻率評估」 ,中山醫學大學公共衛生學研究所碩士論文。
    2. 國立中山大學環境工程研究所碩士論文。
    3. Appel B.R., Tokiwa Y., Hsu J., Kothny E.L., Hahn E., Visibility as related to atmospheric aerosol constituents. Atmospheric Environment 1985;19: 1525–34.
    4. Brown S.G., Herckes P., Ashbaugh L., Hannigan M.P., Kreidenweis S.M., Collett Jr., J.L., 2002. Characterization of organic aerosol in Big Bend National Park, Texas. Atmospheric Environment 2002;36 (38) :5807–5818.
    5. Chang S.Y., Fang G.C., Chou C.C.K., Chen W.N.,Chemical compositions and radiative properties of dust and anthropogenic air masses study in Taipei Basin, Taiwan, during spring of 2004. Atmospheric Environment 2006; 40:7796–7809.
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 唐瑋良(2017)。利用多變量分析探究中台灣PM2.5霾害之影響因素。中興大學水土保持學系所學位論文。2017。1-67。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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