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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1]AtchleyC.R, "Social Forces and Aging: An Introduction to Social Gerontology (8th ed.)," CA: Wadsworth Publishing, 1997.
  2. [5]HungHsuan-man and ChenKuei-min, Concerning about the Physiological and Psychological Characteristics of an Aging Population. VGH Nursing, vol.25 , 2008, pp.1-5.
  3. [6]JamiesonA, Caring for frail elderly people, OECD, Paries: OECD, 1996.
  4. [7]LeeT. F.D. and Woo. J. , MackenzieEA, A review of older people’s experiences with residential care placement, Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol.37, no.1, 2002, pp. 19-27.
  5. [8]LeeT. FD, Residential care placement: Perceptions among elderly Chinese people in Hong Kong, Journal of Advanced Nursing, vol.26, 1997, pp. 602-607.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 馬禎娸(2017)。住宅衛浴空間的使用行為分析 以環境心理觀點。中原大學室內設計研究所學位論文。2017。1-233。 
  2. 高中信(2016)。從生命週期觀點探討寢室環境機能與需求研究。臺中科技大學室內設計系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-123。
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