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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2]白芳榕(民93),創新能力與執行力對行政效能影響之研究-以大學會計室執行專題研究計畫案作業為例。私立中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. [8]李明宗(民89),桃園縣國民小學校長領導行為與教師工作壓力之關係研究。國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文。
  3. [10]李莉莉(民92),國小女性校長領導風格之研究—以北部地區為例。國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文。
  4. [26]范熾文(民91),國小校長領導行為、教師組織承諾與學校組織績效。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所博士論文。
  5. [28]翁桓盛(民91),中等學校實施校長遴選制度後校長領導風格與辦學績效之研究。國立彰化師範大學教育研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳家云(2008)。台北縣國民中學校長領導風格、專職行政人員工作滿意度及組織承諾關係之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-184。 
  2. 毛蕙蓉(2006)。組織學習、訓練移轉效能與員工執行力關係模式之研究-以移轉氣候為干擾變項。長榮大學經營管理研究所(博)學位論文。2006。1-214。 
  3. 馮清皇(2009)。國民小學教育政策執行力指標建構之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系學位論文。2009。1-402。
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