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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 48 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 許棟樑,萃思系統性創新課程教材,2010。
  2. 8. 盧宜忠、王輔仁、邱政勳,「熱電除濕器之性能改善分析」,第26屆中華民國力學學會年會暨全國力學會議論文集,台北,2002,第12頁。
  3. 10. 李枝環、李榮貴、蔡世傑、蔡志弘,「應用 TRIZ 和 TOC 手法解決產品問題~ 以互動式投影機為例」,兩岸機電暨產學合作學術研討會,新竹,2009,第61-68頁。
  4. 13. 李國豪,利用TRIZ演化趨勢進行創新產品構思 —以H冷氣公司家用冷氣機產品為例,碩士論文,中原大學企業管理研究所,桃園,2011。
  5. 15. 柯震達,創新構思問題解決(TRIZ)演化趨勢之應用-以移動儲存裝置為例,碩士論文,國立台北科技大學工業工程與管理研究所,台北,2010。
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