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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 參考資料 中文部分 王玉女、楊清姿、徐亞瑛(1996)?居家護理服務及台灣現況?長庚護理,7(3),80-85。
  2. 邱文達、林曉蕾(2001)?醫療品質的新發展?新臺北護理期刊,3(2),1-6。
  3. 長期照護專業協會(2004)?台閩地區長期照護機構名冊?台北:中華民國長期照護專業協會。 吳政融(2002)?大學體育教師工作壓力及其因應方式之研究?未發表碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學,台北。 吳盈江(1993)?醫學中心臨床護士工作壓力感受之探討?醫學繼續教育,3(2),274-286。
  4. 吳敏鳳(1996)?臨床護理人員工作壓力與壓力因應之研究?未發表碩士論文,國立中正大學,嘉義。 吳淑瓊、朱昭美(1995)?民眾對老人長期照護安排之態度:1994台灣地區社會意向調查之發現?中華衛誌,14(4),369-382。
  5. 胡瑞桃(2000)?加護單位護理人員對其工作壓力來源之反應及調適?長庚護理,11(2),20-30。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李佳縈(2008)。身心障礙者社區化就業服務員工作滿意度及其影響因素之研究。臺北大學社會工作學系學位論文。2008。1-112。
  2. 紀姵秀(2012)。比較病房類型之癌症照護護理人員的工作壓力與滿意度差異。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-109。
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