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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江信男、林旻沛、柯慧貞(2005)•台灣地區老人的生理疾病多寡、自覺生理健康、社會支持度與憂鬱嚴重度•臨床心理學刊,2(1),11-22。
  2. 李宗派(2006)•人口老化與其變遷趨勢之探討•台灣老人保健學刊,2(1),1-32。
  3. 李欣慈、詹惠雅、周桂如(2004)•老人腫瘤學:老年腫瘤病患的臨床評估•腫瘤護理雜誌,3(2),29-35。
  4. 李苑茹(2005)•挫折復原力、自我概念與社會支持對國軍士兵自傷行為傾向關係之探究•未發表碩士論文,政治作戰學校軍事社會行為科學研究所碩士論文,台北市。
  5. 李歡芳(2003)•老人自尊與懷舊療法•護理雜誌,50(4),98-102。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉濬彰(2011)。社區老人的主觀社會地位、自尊、自我掌控信念與憂鬱之關係。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2011。1-77。 
  2. 吳詩萍(2014)。檢視初次接受化學治療癌症老年病人壓力感受、因應行為與症狀困擾之相關性。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-115。 
  3. 許粹玶(2011)。癌症父母之子女身心靈暨衛教團體之實施成效。臺北醫學大學護理學系碩士暨碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-105。 
  4. 劉萱(Xuan Liu);邱啟潤(Chii-Jun Chiou)(2012)。長照機構之老年住民復原力及其相關因素探討。護理暨健康照護研究。8(3)。179-190。 
  5. 溫雅蘭(Ya-Lan Wen);溫千慧(Chien-Hui Wen);王桂芸(Kwua-Yun Wang);陳金彌(Chin-Mi Chen)(2013)。癌症病人的復原力及其護理處置。護理雜誌。60(2)。93-96。 
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