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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李采華(1998).身體活動與死亡率的相關探討.中華體育季刊,11(4),104-110。
  2. 陳柏宏、鄭俊彥、黃峻峰(2000).高壓電電擊引發之眼部併發症.中華民國眼科醫學會雜誌,39,55-58。
  3. 陳嫣芬、林晉榮(2006).社區老人身體活動與生活品質相關之研究.體育學報,39(1),87-99。
  4. 陳弘偉、賴德仁、張家銘、William(2005).體內去顫器無預警電擊所引起的創傷後壓力疾患.台灣精神醫學,19,331-335。
  5. Alter, P., Waldhans, S., Plachta, E., Moosdorf, R., & Grimm, W. (2005). Complications of Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Therapy in 440 Consecutive Patients. PACE, 28, 926-932.
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