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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 128 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4.王玉民﹐社會科學研究方法原理﹐台北﹕洪葉文化﹐1999。
  2. 31.佛光山宗務委員會﹐「星雲大師略傳」﹐高雄﹕佛光山﹐2002年4月。
  3. 48.符芝瑛﹐傳燈──星雲大師傳,台北﹕天下文化,1995。
  4. 51.黃慶生﹐寺廟經營與管理﹐台北﹕永然文化﹐民國89年。
  5. 60.曾文敬﹐「鄉鎮市績效行政之模型建構--趨向企業型政府之分析」﹐台北﹕元智大學管理研究所碩士論文﹐民國89年。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 藍清水(2004)。宗教組織志工衝突認知、衝突處理技巧與組織承諾關聯性之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2004。1-106。 
  2. 吳健成(2004)。慈濟淨化人心之策略管理探討。臺灣大學會計學研究所學位論文。2004。1-195。 
  3. 楊美香(2010)。台灣中部中小企業女性領導者之領導模式。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-143。
  4. 吳相權(2012)。企業流程再造提昇臺灣民間信仰內涵之研究。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-101。
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