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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 19,黃璋如(2000),「有機蔬菜直接銷售之利弊與展望」,農業經營管理年刊 6(2000):52-68。
  2. 25,黃山內(1989),有機農業之發展及其重要性,有機農業研討會專集,台中區農業改良場。
  3. 29,溫瑞江(2004),台灣有機蔬菜之發展及現況評估,國立台灣大學,農業經濟學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 30,農業科學資料服務中心(2000),永續農業過去、現在、未來。
  5. 33,謝順景,謝慶芳(1989),有機農業產品產銷之探討,台中區農業改良場特刊第16號。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉文光(2009)。台灣矽晶圓太陽能產業經營模式之分析。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-83。 
  2. 謝伊芳(2015)。有機園藝體驗對消費態度影響。中山醫學大學醫療產業科技管理學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-108。 
  3. 王柏程(2011)。有機產業關係品質、消費情境與顧客忠誠度之研究─以農夫市集為例。高雄餐旅學院餐飲管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-150。 
  4. 錢金梅(2009)。有機食品消費者行為之研究。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2009。1-104。 
  5. 廖彥勛(2009)。從專利分析探討有機栽培技術發展趨勢─以台灣與中國為例。屏東科技大學科技管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-187。 
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