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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王本正、莊銘國、宋明弘、林建銘、蔡宛珊、王昭懿(2008),「亞太地區太陽光電產業之績效評估:應用資料包絡分析法」,臺灣企業績效學刊,第1卷第2期,229-249。
  2. 3. 李正文、陳翔修(2008),「臺灣光電產業之經營效率分析-資料包絡分析法之應用」,中原企管評論,第6卷第1期,1-30。
  3. 4. 林志偉(2010),「臺灣矽晶太陽能光電產業之績效分析—隨機邊界生產函數法之應用」,未出版碩士論文,臺北大學經濟學系,56-58。
  4. 5. 洪秀婉、林美惠、王安邦(2008),「全球網路零售公司經營績效之研究」,電子商務學報,第10卷第2期,359-377。
  5. 8. 陳富強、馮淑琴、方顯光(2011),「探討臺灣地區本國銀行獲利能力與市場能力一二階段DEA」,華人經濟研究,第9卷第2期,33-52。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉祐廷(2015)。我國營造與不動產業的經營效率分析。義守大學管理碩博士班學位論文。2015。1-92。 
  2. 蒲永孝(2007)。台灣地區醫學中心多角化經營之策略。臺灣大學高階公共管理組學位論文。2007。1-115。
  3. 吳錦河(2012)。生技產品多角化策略診所醫師接受度研究。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-87。
  4. 陳育津(2013)。台灣動物用藥品商關鍵成功要素、領導風格和經營策略之研究。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2013。1-89。
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