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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 156 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余家雄(2002)。工作價值觀與工作滿意度對產品品質影響之探討-以國瑞汽車協力廠商為例。元智大學工業工程與管理學系碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
  2. 李永承(2009)。彰化縣國中體育教師工作壓力與組織承諾之研究。臺灣師範大學體育學系在職專班碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 林威(2008)。緊急醫療救護技術員工作壓力、社會支持與專業承諾關係之研究-以臺北市專責救護隊為例。臺北醫學大學醫學人文研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 林俊瑩(2010)。工作滿意度、組織承諾與離職意圖:中小學教師與其他職業之比較。教育實踐與研究,第23卷第1期,頁1-30。
  5. 周士韋(2009)。轉換型領導、員工溝通滿足與組織承諾關聯模式之研究-以榮聖機械工程公司為例。長榮大學高階管理碩士論文,未出版,臺南市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳永昌(2015)。消防人員工作壓力來源及因應對策之研究-層級分析法之運用。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2015。1-75。 
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