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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 38 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 黃素齡(1999)「探討筆記型電腦之Kano二維品質特性」,元智大學管理研究所碩士論文,指導教授:湯玲郎博士。
  2. 2. 莊泰旭(2001)「Kano品質模式在汽車市場調查之研究─以中、印汽車業為例」,元智大學管理研究所碩士論文,指導教授:湯玲郎博士。
  3. 3. 鄧維兆(2007)「北投溫泉旅館關鍵服務品質屬性確認—Kano模式與IPA之應用」,品質學報,14(1),p 99-113。
  4. 4. 王姿懿(2004)「以Kano二維模式分析台灣民宿品質之研究」,臺中健康暨管理學院經營管理研究所碩士論文,指導教授:林士彥 博士
  5. 5. 鄭博仁(1998)「以Kano品質模式探討醫療服務品質特性」,元智大學管理研究所碩士論文,指導教授:湯玲郎博士。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王菁萍(2010)。社區環境對安養機構住民整體生活滿意度及自覺健康狀況之相關性分析。中國醫藥大學醫務管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-78。
  2. 邱韻潔(2011)。養老機構經營規模改善方案之抉擇分析。中臺科技大學健康產業管理研究所學位論文。2011。1-125。
  3. 郭祖安(2016)。老人住宅潛在需求者市場區隔之研究。長榮大學土地管理與開發學系(所)學位論文。2016。1-90。
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