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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 41 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.陳煌翔(2006)。郊區型大學與都市型大學校外學生出租宿舍居住品質與租金水準差異之研究。未出版之碩士論文,長榮大學土地管理與開發學系,台南縣。
  2. 3.鄭智全(2008)。大專院校學生校外租屋品質滿意度之研究-以國立高學餐旅學院為例。未出版之碩士論文,國立高雄餐旅學院餐旅管理研究所,高雄市。
  3. 4.朱彩馨(2002)。以科技中介架構探討線上學習成效之詮釋研究。未出版之博士論文,國立中山大學資訊管理學系,高雄市。
  4. 5.林敬祥(2010)。教師參與進修動機與學習成效之關係研究-以台北市教師研習中心為例。未出版之碩士論文,國立台北教育大學教育學院教育學系,台北市。
  5. 6.盧冠利(2007)我國科技大學通識教育課程學生學習滿意度之研究。未出版之碩士論文,國立台北科技大學人文與社會科學學院技術及職業教育研究所,台北市。
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