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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 107 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王連杰(2007)。組織創新氣候、知識分享動機與企業經營績效之研究-以桃園地區工商企業為例。萬能商學學報,12,243-256。
  2. 李婉怡、趙珮如(2004)。醫療產業員工對電子病歷之科技接受模式探討-以中南部地區為例。醫務管理期刊,5(2),243-269。
  3. 汪美伶、李山田(2007)。組織創新、員工心理安全與組織績效關係之研究-以商業銀行為例。東吳經濟商學學報,59,1-28。
  4. 佘溪水、石家驊(2009)。組織學習與創新氣候對創新績效影響之研究。明新學報,35(1),183-196。
  5. 李春麟、方文昌(2014)。科技接受模式在探討:整合資訊科技外部變數之論點。企業管理學報,97,1-37。
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