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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 11、馮燕(1993),非營利組織的角色,台北:三民書局。
  2. 23、林朝夫(2000),縣市政府教育局組織文化與組織效能關係之研究,台北:政治大學教育研究所碩士論文。
  3. 24、林月桂(1999),運用競值途徑於醫院護理部門組織文化領導形態與組織效能之研究,台北:台北醫學院護理學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 32、楊震寰(2001),企業網路e化對組織氣候組織溝通組織效能之研究,桃園:中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 05、Hansmann ,H.B.(1980),The Role of Non-profit Enterprise,The Yale Law Journal Volume 89。
Times Cited (47) 〈TOP〉
  1. 潘睿航(2012)。主從政治態度差異對員工組織公民行為與領導滿意度之影響-以員工組織認同為干擾變項。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-87。 
  2. 李筱筠(2010)。研發人員創新行為相關之探討─以組織創新氣候為干擾變項。淡江大學管理科學研究所碩士班學位論文。2010。1-110。 
  3. 陳文忠(2008)。臺北縣市國中文理補習班員工組織認同與離職傾向關係之研究。淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-114。 
  4. 蕭志明(2010)。宗教的實踐與認同─慈濟功德會新竹分會的女性參與。交通大學客家社會與文化碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-99。 
  5. 丁芳敏(2007)。中原大學學生的全人教育目標知覺、 校園參與經驗與學習成果的關聯性研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-208。 
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