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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 20. 徐啟銘(1998),策略性科技管理,美商麥格羅希爾國際股份有限公司。
  2. 3. Amit R. and J. Livnat (1988), "Diversification Strategies, Business Cycle, and Economic Performance”, Strategic Management Journal, Journal, 9: 99-110.
  3. 4. Amit, R., and J. Livnat (1988), “Diversification and the Risk- Return Trade-Off ”, Academy of management, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 154 – 166.
  4. 5. Anderson, Erin & Anne T. Coughlan (1987), "International Market Entry and Expansion via Independent or Integrated Channels of Distribution”, Journal of Marketing, 51, Jan: 71-82.
  5. 8. Berry, Charles H. (1975), Corporate Growth and Diversification, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Times Cited (18) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊美嬌(2011)。國際化程度在規模差異下對本國銀行經營績效之影響。淡江大學財務金融學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2011。1-51。 
  2. 鍾洞生(2007)。玻璃產業研發流程與知識創新之研究 -以台灣玻璃公司為例。臺北科技大學機電整合研究所學位論文。2007。1-139。 
  3. 馬明忠(2009)。核心擴張模式與競合策略關係之研究-以兩岸電腦周邊產業為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-84。 
  4. 曾憲群(2009)。我國重電產業之國際化個案研究。臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文。2009。1-73。 
  5. 陳宏奇(2008)。台灣健康俱樂部未來成長策略之研究 ∼以亞力山大企業集團為例。臺灣大學商學研究所學位論文。2008。1-111。 
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