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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 73 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Back, R. W. and Walrath, L. C. (1992). Eye movement and pupillary response indices of mental workload during visual search of symbolic displays. Applied Ergonomics, 23 (4). pp. 243-254.
  2. Bergqvist, U. O., Techn, M. and Knave, B. G. (1994). Eye discomfort and work with visual display terminal. Scand J Work Environ and Health. 20, pp.27-33.
  3. Cole, B. L. and Hughes, P. K. (1988). Drivers don't search: They just notice. Proceeding of the First International Conference on Visual Search, Taylor & Francis, pp. 407-418.
  4. Dodge, R (1990). Visual perceptions during eye movement. Psychological Review, 7. pp. 454-465.
  5. Ducrot, S. and Pynte, J. (2002). What determines the eyes' landing position
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王籍(2012)。停車場自動繳費機引導式介面操作效率評估。臺北科技大學創新設計研究所學位論文。2012。1-83。 
  2. 黃清財(2009)。動態環境下視覺搜尋與心智負荷之影響。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2009。1-85。 
  3. 羅葦瑄(2015)。不同照明環境對數位行動裝置使用者主觀評價之影響-以點狀光源為例。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2015。1-76。 
  4. 葉明翰(2010)。照明之色溫度與照度組合對閱讀行為時主觀評價之影響。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2010。1-159。 
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