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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. Chatterji, Deb and (1996),”Accessing external sources of technology,” Research Technology Management,39(2),48-56.
  2. 5. Jensen R. and Thursby M. (1998), “ Proofs and Prototypes for Sale:the Tale of University Licensing,” NBER Working Paper6698
  3. 6. Kneller R.(1999), “Intellectual Property Rights and University-Industry Technology Transfer in Japan ,” Science and Public Policy, Vol 26. No2. Pp113-124
  4. 11. Pressman L. , Guterman S.K., Abrams I., Geist D. E. and Nelson L.(1995), “ Pre-Production Investment and Jobs Induced by MIT Exclusive Patent Licenses:A Preliminary Model to Measure the Economic Impact of University Licensing,” Journal of the Association of University Technology Managers, Vol. VII, pp.49-81
  5. 12. Reddy,N.Mohan and L.Zhao 1990,” Interational Technology Transfer:
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳緯修(2007)。國防科技釋出民間決策評估機制之研究-以中科院軍品釋商科專為例。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2007。1-52。 
  2. 余秋琄(2005)。中山科學研究院智慧財產權管理之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2005。1-102。
  3. 劉潤深(2006)。國防科技釋商效益評估。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2006。1-173。
  4. 傅字華(2012)。軍民通用科技計畫技術移轉機制之探討。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-80。
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