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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 124 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [8] Z. Jia, D. Shen, W. Xu, Synthesis and antibacterial activities of quaternary ammonium salt of chitosan, Carbohydr Res, 333:1-6 (2001).
  2. [9] H. K. Noa, N. Y. Park, S. H. Lee, et al., Antibacterial activity of chitosans and chitosan oligomers with different molecular weights, Int J Food Microbiol, 74:65-72 (2002).
  3. [10] H. Solomon and M. Angela, Macpherson Cytotoxicity and Antibacterial Activity of Ethanol Extract from Leaves of a Herbal Drug, Boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum), Phytother Res, 14:575-7 (2002).
  4. [11] M. M. Mackeen, A. M. Ali, S. H. El-Sharkawy, et al., Antimicrobial and cytotoxic properties of some Malaysian traditional vegetables, Int J Pharm, 35:174-8 (1999).
  5. [12] M. Habsah, M. Amran, M. M. Mackeen, et al., Screening of Zingiberaceae extracts for antimicrobial and antioxidant activities, J Ethnopharmacol, 72:403-10 (2000).
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃貞穎(2010)。台灣重要入侵外來種植物之抗氧化及美白功能之研究。臺灣大學食品科技研究所學位論文。2010。1-94。 
  2. 蘇彥如(2007)。探討中藥萃取物接枝於聚酯不織布之生物活性。中原大學醫學工程研究所學位論文。2007。1-120。
  3. 林嘉聖(2012)。血竭結合海藻酸鹽之敷材於傷口癒合的效應評估。中原大學生物醫學工程研究所學位論文。2012。1-94。
  4. 徐翊庭(2017)。電漿接枝中藥之傷口照護材的抗菌研究。中原大學生物醫學工程研究所學位論文。2017。1-118。
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