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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 81 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 15.張世佳,製造策略與事業策略之配適分析-高科技廠商之實證,台灣大學商學研究所博士論文,1995年。
  2. 25.黎文明,水平結構組織與企業組織學習傾向、創新能力及經營績效之關聯性研究,國立成功大學館理學院高階管理碩士在職專班碩士論文,2002年。
  3. 1.Amit, R. and Paul J. Shoemaker,“Strategic Asset and Organizational Rent,”Strategic Management Journal, Vol.14, pp.33-46, 1993.
  4. 5.Bowen, David E. and Gareth R. Jones,“Transaction Cost Analysis of Service Organization-Customer Exchange,”Academy of Management Review, Vol.11, No.2, pp.428-441, 1986.
  5. 6.Brouthers, D.K., L.E. Brouthers &T.J. Wilkinson,“Strategic alliances: Choose your partners,”Long Range Planning, Vol.28, No.3, pp.18-25, 1995.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇淑芬(2011)。署立醫院外包業務管理策略對外包績效之影響。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-83。 
  2. 黃功傑(2008)。由垂直整合至分工--以家電公司為例。政治大學經營管理碩士學程(EMBA)學位論文。2008。1-210。
  3. 李慧娟(2009)。投信業外包決策之研究。臺北大學國際財務金融碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-83。
  4. 顏欣平(2009)。以企業外包觀點探討夥伴關係與委外績效之關係-以台灣製造業為例。元智大學管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-98。
  5. 林廷陽(2010)。醫院勞務外包廠商評選準則對外包效益之影響。臺灣師範大學工業教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-115。
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