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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 41 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Feld, W.M. (2001). Lean Manufacturing: Tools, Techniques, and How To Use Them. St. Lucie Press, 4-15.
  2. Harrison, A. (1992). Just-In-Time Manufacturing In Perspective. Prentic Hall International Ltd., 33.
  3. Souza, S. A. (1987). Performance measurements: successful application to JIT, APICS, conference proceedings, 393-394.
  4. Vokurka, R. J. and Davis, R. A. (1996). Just- In-Time: The Evolution of a Philosophy. Production and Inventory Management Journal, Vol. 37, No. 2, 56-59.
  5. Womack, J. P. and Jones, D. T. (1996). Lean Thinking: Banish Waste and Create Wealth in Your Corporation. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳承錩(2013)。建構精實價值流線化系統模式─以某紙器深加工為例。中原大學工業工程研究所學位論文。2013。1-77。 
  2. 吳家群(2012)。精實六標準差應用於製程改善之研究-以行車記錄器產業為例。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2012。1-78。 
  3. 張南星(2016)。以精實管理提升生產製程績效-以女性內衣個案公司為例。逢甲大學工業工程與系統管理學系學位論文。2016。1-75。 
  4. 吳嘉鑫(2013)。精實六標準差應用於薄型面板製程改善-某TFT-LCD製造業者之個案研究。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2013。1-71。
  5. 張善軒(2013)。應用精實六標準差建構製程品質管制計劃-以電路板防焊製程為例。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2013。1-146。
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