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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 517 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱經明(1997)。特殊教育與電腦科技。台北市;五南。
  2. 吳佩珊(2008)。正向心理學在學生輔導之應用。教師之友,49(4),26-32。
  3. 吳勁誼、陳麗圓、黃彥齊(2008)。痙攣型腦性麻痺學童在普通班的輔具運用與
  4. 李玲玉(2007)。運用音樂治療提升特殊幼兒注意力之成效探討。朝陽人文社會學
  5. 林育蓁、孫淑柔(2009)。電腦化圖示策略教學對增進輕度智能障礙學生乘除法應
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鍾宜臻(2013)。電子繪本對國中學生英語廣泛閱讀學習成效影響之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-111。 
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