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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林敬致(2006)。WEEE 回收率定義之初探。工業技術研究院環安中心,台北市。
  2. 葉美玲、高美玲(1999)。結構方程式與線性結構關係之簡介,護理研究,1月,第7卷,第5期,第490-496頁。
  3. 許享承(2006)。綠色供應鏈管理機制建構之研究-以A公司為例。國立中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士論文,桃園。
  4. 蔡淑芳(2005)。綠色供應商之評選模式研究─以IC 封裝業為例。國立中山大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班碩士論文,高雄。
  5. 賴義方(2004)。綠色供應鏈中綠色供應商之評估-以PCB 供應商為例。國立成功大學資源工程學系碩士論文,台南。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 姜淑齡(2009)。因應歐盟EuP環保指令之管理效能分析—以個案研究為例—。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2009。1-87。 
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