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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李榮輝、林愛貞、黃育玄、曾貴英、洪信嘉 (2005),「各國長期照護之探討」, 福爾摩莎醫務管理雜誌,第一卷第二期,頁 134-144。
  2. 李文瑞、曹為忠、陳旭銘,2001,「台商赴大陸投資進入模式影響因素之研究─中小企業之實證分析」,中山管理評論,第九卷第一期,頁61-86。
  3. 黃于芮,2013,探討文化創意產業人才所需之關鍵核心能力-以鶯歌陶瓷產業為例,中原大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 趙瑾瑜,2010,我國公營長期照護與商業性長期看護保險之互補性認知研究,朝陽科技大學保險金融管理研究所碩士論文。
  5. Agarwal, S. and Ramaswami, N., 1992, “Choice of Foreign Market Entry Mode: Impact of Ownership, Location and Internalization Factors”, Journal of International Business Studies, 23(1), pp. 47-54.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪永男(2017)。高齡產業商業模式創新之分類、發展與驗證-服務設計取向。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2017。1-199。
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