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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 余文德、蔡宜靜(2006),「資料包絡分析法應用於評估知識管理效率之初步探討」,中華技術季刊,第70期,頁80-85
  2. 李英宗(2005),「資料包絡分析法應用於台灣南部公立醫院之實證研究」,國立成功大學企業管理學系碩博士班博士論文。
  3. Aly, H Y., Grabowski R. , Pasurka C. and N. Rangan (1990), “Technical Scale andAllocative Efficiencies in U.S. Banking - An empirical investigation”, Review of Economics and Statistics, 72, 211-218.
  4. Golany, B. and R.Yaakov (1989). “An application procedure for DEA”, Omega , 17(3), 237-250
  5. Grabowski, R., N. Ramgan and R. Rezvanian (1994), “The Effect of Deregulationon the Efficiency of U.S. Banking Firms”, Journal of Econometrics and Business, Vol.46, 39-54
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂秉樺(2012)。以資料包絡法於品質良率之探討。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2012。1-43。 
  2. 黎子甄(2009)。影響券商長期競爭之關鍵成功因素-Fuzzy AHP 之實證研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-84。
  3. 陳文一(2012)。以資料包絡分析法評量台灣地區綜合證券商經營績效。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2012。1-56。
  4. 王國樑(2014)。證券商經營績效之研究-金融控股公司與非金融控股公司之差異。中央大學財務金融學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-40。
  5. 羅思怡(2016)。台灣半導體公司經營績效評估:負債比率的角色。中原大學國際經營與貿易研究所學位論文。2016。1-94。
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